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صلاة الميت كم ركعة

The prayer of the dead How many rak’ahs for Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah in Islam, is what will be explained in this article, as Muslims wonder about the funeral prayer, its quality and provisions, especially when a relative or loved one dies or a person dear to the heart, and the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – In the honorable year, the provisions of funeral prayer and its teaching to Muslims, and it is a legitimate matter whose reward is paid to the dead and the living alike.

Funeral prayer

God – Glory be to Him, the Most High – created mankind and the jinn to worship Him, and made this worldly life an abode of action without recompense, and the Hereafter the abode of recompense without action, and He made death the end of this world and the beginning of the Hereafter. written on a human right to him and every creature of God’s creatures, and the Almighty in a tightly downloaded: {all the same taste of death, but the day of Resurrection Buffon Gore it shifts from the fire and enter Paradise has won and the life of the world, but the pleasures of vanity} said.[1] And upon the death of a person, God legislated for his living servants to pray over him, which is called the funeral prayer or the funeral prayer, and the funeral language means the coffin or the dead and the mourning, and it was said in the language that the funeral is the matter that burdens the people and they grieve over it, and the funeral is technically defined as a prayer that Muslims pray on their dead In what follows, the prayer of the dead will be explained in how many rak’ahs.[2]

Funeral prayer how big is it?

The prayer of the dead how many rak’ahs

The funeral prayer is a prayer that has neither bowing nor prostration. A cornerstone for its health is like any normal prayer, and the funeral prayer is after the takbeer of the takbeer of Ihram. The imam says the four takbeers and the Muslims grow with him. The funeral prayer is required to hold the intention. It is one of the acts of worship. It is not permissible to bow at all, and it is not correct to say that it is one or two rak’ahs with its takbeer or otherwise. Rather, it is a prayer that includes standing with takbeer only, and God and His Messenger know best.[3]

How to pray for the dead

Explaining the prayer of the dead how many rak’ahs, it is necessary to clarify how the dead person prays and the description of the funeral prayer to remove any confusion in that, and it is one of the things that the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – taught in his honorable Prophet’s gift to his companions and the general Muslims, and its quality can be summarized as follows:[3]

  • Before performing the funeral prayer, the Muslim is keen on his complete purity, so he purifies himself from both events and performs ablution and the complete ablution for prayer.
  • He gets up and makes the intention in his heart that his prayer is a prayer for the dead.
  • It is Sunnah for the funeral prayer to be facing the qiblah, with the head of the deceased facing the right of the qiblah and his feet towards the left of it.
  • The funeral prayer is when the Muslim says the takbeer of Ihram and says four takbeers with it, and between each takbeer he recites what is prescribed.
  • After the first takbeer, the imam recites Al-Fatihah and what is available to him from the Qur’an.
  • After the second takbeer, the imam prays for the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – as mentioned in the Abrahamic prayers, and then recites al-Fatihah and what is facilitated for him from the short surahs.
  • Then he says the takbeer for the third time and supplicates for the dead, according to what was reported from the Prophet that he supplicated with it from the aforementioned supplication.
  • Then the imam says the fourth takbeer, remains silent and gives the salaam after that, with one salaam to his right.
  • The description of the takbeer is to raise the hands, and the funeral prayer must be light, and it is a secret prayer.
  • After the four takbeers, the Muslim should say the salaam and do not bow or prostrate at all, for the funeral prayer has no bowing.
  • The least that satisfies the funeral prayer has six pillars, namely the intention, the four takbeers and the Fatiha after the first, the prayer of the Prophet after the second, the supplication for the dead after the third, and the salutation once after the fourth.

The number of takbeers in prayer for the dead

The correct and most correct according to the scholars is that the funeral prayer is not valid with less than four takbirs, and it is not permissible to increase it to four, and this ruling is in agreement with the four schools of jurisprudence. May God bless him and grant him peace, mourning for the Negus people on the day he died, and he went out with them to the prayer hall, lined up with them, and said the takbeer four times.”[4] But if the imam stood up and said five takbeers, the prayer would be valid according to some scholars, but this contradicts the opinion of the majority of scholars, and it was reported from Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen that the funeral takbeers may be four or it may be five, and some hadiths that said that they are seven takbeers, but the Sunnah is four. And it is the duty of the Muslim to follow the guidance of the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – in that, and God knows best.[5]

It is desirable for the imam to stand in prayer for the dead

Ruling on funeral prayer in Islam

The Muslim’s participation in the funeral prayer how many rak’ahs pushes him to search for the ruling on funeral prayer in Islam, and it is a legitimate prayer from God – the Almighty – for his Muslim servants, and it is the same for men and women. And a Muslim, if one of the Muslims performs the funeral prayer over the dead, then it is sufficient for all Muslims to perform it, and it will be sufficient for them, but the elderly and it is desirable for a large number of people to perform the funeral prayer, until their intercession is established for the dead on behalf of God Almighty, and that is what was mentioned In the correct Sunnah.[6]

The number of takbeers in prayer for the dead

Sunnahs of funeral prayer

The Sunnahs of the funeral prayer are the things that are desirable for Muslims to perform when performing this prayer, and the prayer is not invalidated by not performing these Sunnahs, and they are what will be explained in the following after examining the prayer of the dead how many rak’ahs:[8]

  • Raising the hands with the takbeer in prayer: Where it is desirable for Muslims to raise their hands with the takbeer in the Ihram takbeer, which is the first takbeer, as well as in the remaining four takbeers, and that is due to what was reported on the authority of Abdullah bin Omar that the Messenger of God, peace be upon him: “He used to raise his hands on the Every takbeer is from the funeral takbeer.” [7]
  • Reciting in the funeral prayer in secret: It is desirable that the reading in the funeral prayer be secretly at night or during the day, and that it should not be recited aloud, and it is more correct according to the scholars, as it is prescribed in the prayer of the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – at funerals.
  • Loud takbeers: One of the desirable things in funeral prayer is for the imam to say the takbeers aloud and to the congregation.
  • The salaam aloud from the funeral prayer: It is performed by the imam making it loud and fearing the congregation, by analogy with other prayers.
  • Making the funeral prayer in rows: it is desirable that it be in three rows for Muslims behind the imam.

The time and place of the funeral prayer

The scholars’ saying in the prayer of the dead how many rak’ahs is that it is a prayer without bowing, and they have detailed the time and place of the funeral prayer, as the funeral prayer is permissible for Muslims to perform at times when it is prohibited and disliked. Where Muslims can perform it at any time, as for the ruling on performing it at sunrise, sunset and level, the scholars differed in that on two opinions, the Shafi’is, some Malikis and some Hanbalis said that it is permissible at this time, and it is a saying that Ibn Uthaymeen and Ibn Taymiyyah took And others, and they infer from this that it is permissible to pray after ‘Asr and after Fajr, so it is permissible at all times, and it is obligatory that the rules of supererogatory prayer do not apply to it. It is forbidden to burial at these times, and prayer is accompanied by burial, and God and His Messenger know best.[9]

Ruling on the rights owed to the dead

The place of prayer for the dead

The people of knowledge stated that the prayer for the dead can be done in the mosque, and this was said by the Shafi’is, the Hanbalis and many of the scholars, and that is because it was reported in the Sahih that the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – performed the funeral prayer in the mosque, even if the Muslims buried the dead before praying for him It is permissible for them to pray over his grave in the cemetery, and it has also been authentically reported from the Prophet that he did, and whoever missed the funeral prayer over the dead may pray for the dead in the cemetery before and after burial, and it is proven that there is no difference between praying over a buried funeral, or not, the original It is the presence of the dead, and God and His Messenger know best.[10]

The place of the funeral and the imam standing there

The people of knowledge stipulated in the funeral prayer that the dead person be in front of the imam, and it is not valid to pray over him if he is ahead of him, and the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – in his prayer at the funeral did not precede it, but prayed behind it, and the position of the imam from the funeral of a man is to stand at his head, and in The woman’s funeral The imam stands in the middle of her, in order to protect her and her funeral from the rest of the worshipers.[11]

What distinguishes the funeral prayer from other prayers?

Of those who do not pray the funeral prayer

Funeral prayer is an obligation of sufficiency for every Muslim, and it is prayed for everyone who apparently died a Muslim, even if he was a sinner. The one who is killed in battle, he is not prayed for or washed, and the miscarriage that has not reached the age of four months is not prayed for, because the soul has not been breathed into him and he is not considered a human being. months, so he should not be washed, nor prayed over, nor named, nor offered aqeeqah on his behalf, for the soul has not yet been breathed into him.

As for some people who may be confused in their Islam, such as the apostate and the hypocrite, the apostate is the one who disbelieves after his conversion to Islam, such as one who associates with God or calls with God another deity, or denies some or all of the Qur’an, or believes in the prohibition of what has been permitted to him or disallows what is unanimously prohibited, or mocks verses God and His rulings, the apostate’s ruling is that he repents, and if he does not repent, he is killed, nor is he buried in the cemeteries of Muslims, nor is the funeral prayer for him. It is not permissible to pray over an infidel at all, as for the rest of the Muslims, prayers are offered for them.[12]

The wisdom of funeral prayer

The prayer of the dead how many rak’ahs is what was clarified and clarified in the above, so the funeral prayer is one of the matters that God legislated for his servants to pray for their dead, and it is wise in its legitimacy that it is a supplication for the dead and seeking forgiveness for him, and it was reported from Ibn Al-Qayyim that he said that the purpose of the funeral prayer is to pray for the dead, Among its pillars is the supplication for the deceased regarding him, as this is what is meant by it, and God knows best.[13]

Is it permissible to seek forgiveness for the dead, and what are the actions that benefit the dead?

Funeral prayer prayer

Before the conclusion of the article on the prayer of the dead, how many rak’ahs will be the funeral prayer supplication, as supplication for the dead is one of the pillars of the funeral prayer and it is not valid without it, and it is after the third takbeer, and many supplications have been received from the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – a lot of supplications that are said in the funeral prayer, and it can be A Muslim may supplicate for whatever good he wants in it, but it is better to adhere to what came in the Sunnah. Among the supplications for the prayer of the dead are the following:[14]

  • “O aghfir material varhmh vafh vaf bless, vakrm nzlh, vvs mdkhlh, vaghslh balma’ valslj valbrd, vnqh de alkhtaya earn nqyt alsvb alabyz de aldns, vabdlh Darius charitable de darh, vahla charitable de Ghadah, vzvja charitable de zvjh, vadkhlh paradise, vqh فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ وَعَذَابَ النَّار “.
  • “O aghfir lhyna vmytna vsghyrna vkbyrna vzkrna vansana vshahdna vghaybna, O de hyyth J. fahyh Ali Iman, vomiting tvfyth J. ftvfh Ali al-O La thrmna jrh, Villa tzlna bdh”.

Here we come to the conclusion of the article, how many rak’ahs does the funeral prayer have, which clarified that the funeral prayer has no kneeling, and shed light on its definition linguistically and idiomatically, and showed how the funeral prayer and its correct description, as well as clarified the most important provisions related to the prayer of the dead, and concluded with the funeral prayer his ruling and what is correct in it.